The highest level in England, at 978 metres (3,209 ft), is Scafell Pike within the Lake District. The Shropshire Hills are near Wales while Dartmoor and Exmoor are two upland areas in the south-west of the country. The approximate dividing line between terrain varieties is commonly indicated by the Tees-Exe line. Below the regional level, all of England is divided into forty eight ceremonial counties.

Coronavirus impacts Island environment

Since climate data started, the very best temperature recorded was 38.7 °C (a hundred and one.7 °F) on 25 July 2019 on the Botanic Garden in Cambridge, whereas the lowest was −26.1 °C (− °F) on 10 January 1982 in Edgmond, Shropshire. Most of England’s landscape consists of low hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain within the north and west of the nation. The northern uplands embody the Pennines, a sequence of uplands dividing east and west, the Lake District mountains in Cumbria, and the Cheviot Hills, straddling the border between England and Scotland.


London is the most important monetary centre in Europe, and as of 2014[replace] is the second largest on the earth. Important influences on the climate of England are its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, its northern latitude and the warming of the ocean by the Gulf Stream. Rainfall is greater within the west, and components of the Lake District receive more rain than anyplace else in the country.

  • Artificial islands are created in several methods for various functions.
  • Manila Bay is taken into account to be one of the best natural port harbors in the world due to its size and placement.
  • Since climate information began, the best temperature recorded was 38.7 °C (one hundred and one.7 °F) on 25 July 2019 on the Botanic Garden in Cambridge, while the lowest was −26.1 °C (−15.0 °F) on 10 January 1982 in Edgmond, Shropshire.

This was an interwoven part of the broader multifaceted Wars of the Three Kingdoms, involving Scotland and Ireland. The Parliamentarians were victorious, Charles I was executed and the kingdom replaced by the Commonwealth. Leader of the Parliament forces, Oliver Cromwell declared himself Lord Protector in 1653; a interval of private rule adopted. After Cromwell’s demise and the resignation of his son Richard as Lord Protector, Charles II was invited to return as monarch in 1660, in a transfer known as the Restoration.

One People

Roman-dominated Christianity had, normally, disappeared from the conquered territories, but was reintroduced by missionaries from Rome led by Augustine from 597 onwards. The earliest identified proof of human presence in the area now generally known as England was that of Homo antecessor, relationship to roughly 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years in the past.

After the Glorious Revolution of 1688, it was constitutionally established that King and Parliament ought to rule together, although Parliament would have the true power. Among the statutes set down have been that the regulation might solely be made by Parliament and could not be suspended by the King, additionally that the King couldn’t impose taxes or increase a military with out the prior approval of Parliament. With the founding of the Royal Society in 1660, science was tremendously encouraged. Contemporary texts describing this era are extremely scarce, giving rise to its description as a Dark Age. The nature and development of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain is consequently subject to considerable disagreement.

Roughly 11,000 years ago, when the ice sheets started to recede, people repopulated the area; genetic analysis suggests they got here from the northern a part of the Iberian Peninsula. The sea degree was lower than now and Britain was related by land bridge to Ireland and Eurasia.As the seas rose, it was separated from Ireland 10,000 years in the past and from Eurasia two millennia later. Inaccessible is maybe finest recognized for the Inaccessible rail, the world’s smallest dwelling flightless chook. The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International as a breeding website for seabirds and its endemic landbirds. Inaccessible Island was declared a nature reserve underneath the Tristan da Cunha Conservation Ordinance of 1976.

Inaccessible Island has been without permanent inhabitants since 1873. For the other islands, see Inaccessible Island (disambiguation).